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[1] It is a "bark pointer", indicating the position of game by barking, and drawing the game animal's attention to itself, allowing an easier approach for the hunter. In the woods for instance, using its clear bark the dog informed its master about the location of the bird. The dog takes care of its safety by keeping the distance to its master at a few hundred metres at the most. On my recent trip to Finland I found myself being driven from south east Finland to Lappland, where for three days we stayed in a hunting lodge on the edge of a lake accompanied by a Finnish Spitz and a Nordic Spitz. 02770 Espoo, Finland Its most important feature is its loyalty towards its master, both at home and in the woods. In 1979, when the club celebrated its 90th anniversary, the Finnish Spitz was declared Finland's national dog breed. In Scandinavia, a competition is held to find the "King of the Barkers." As the name suggests, the Finnish Spitz was developed in Finland and it shares much of its history with other Spitz-type breeds that were developed in the Arctic region. Who else would find fur game and reveal its location to the master if not “pikinokka”, the Finnish Spitz with its pitch black nose. [1] Thirty years of careful breeding resulted in the modern Finnish Spitz; the dogs are descendants of his original foundation stock. The Finnish Spitz is a medium sized hunting dog from Finland. It is square-proportioned, and without exaggeration, quick and light on its feet. However, the most crucial aspect of training this breed is the technique followed and the method of training to be adopted. The Finnish Spitz is a wonderful family dog, as well as a hunting dog. The Finnish Spitz has the distinction of being the national dog of Finland, where this ancient hunting breed is still used to hunt a wide variety of game. Puppies. The Finnish Spitz is a traditional hunting dog of Finland, which goes by the Finnish Cock-Eeared Dog and the Finnish Barking Birddog.This breed nearly went extinct by the late 19 th century, which led to reconstruction efforts via the remaining population of native stock.. Our pups are well socialized, confident, loving companions. The Spitz was brave and independent enough to confront and hunt the bear: many skins were hanged to dry, thanks to the dog’s barking. Some individuals have even been known to go after a bear. The front dewclaws can be removed, if desired.[9]. The coat should never be a solid color. The breed makes an excellent family pet. The Finnish Spitz is friendly, active, playful, keen and courageous. The Finnish Spitz developed almost a passionate relationship with hunting squirrel and pine marten. In other words, the Finnish Spitz is able to focus on the same game as its master sets his mind on. When used as a hunting companion, the barking is a way to signal the hunter that the dog has located prey in the forest. Follow us: The Finnish Spitz . The breed has long been used to hunt small game and birds. DOG BREED INFORMATION – FINNISH SPITZ Origin: Finland Alternate names: Barking Bird Dog, Finnish Hunting Dog, Finnish Spets, Finsk Spets, Loulou Finois, Suomalainen Pystykorva, Suomenpystykorva Size: Medium Life Span: 12-15 years Popularity: Ranked #177 in 2017 Availability in India: Moderate Avg Puppy Price in India: ₹18,000 and above Dog Breed Group: Non-Sporting Group [5] These small clans of woodsmen relied on their dogs to help them obtain food, and the excellent hunting ability of the Finnish Spitz made it a favorite choice. The Finnish spitz is used to hunt small game and birds and is known as the "barking bird dog" because it points hunters to game by barking. The Finnish Spitz is as active breed that needs plenty of daily exercise to stay happy and healthy. [12] As with all dogs, young children and dogs should always be supervised when together. Long walks, backyard playtime, and hunting are all great ways to get your dog moving. Most Finnish Spitz have a preferred side and this is not incorrect. The Finnish spitz is an integral part of the Finnish hunting tradition. The Finnish Spitz significantly helped its master to provide livelihood. And the dog has a lot to say for itself too…. He has a special love for children and will spend countless hours romping and playing. The proper conformation is a square build, meaning that the length of the body is the same or slightly shorter than the height of the withers to the ground. The club is also working for including the hunting experience with the Finnish Spitz on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.[8]. These dogs probably originated as camp followers and watchdogs, later developing into hunting dogs. Wobbling its light-coloured tail, the dog charmed the bird to remain in tree so that the master had enough time to find the tree and shoot the bird with his bow. Resources. [10] There is no preference for a particular shade as long as the color is bright and clear with no hints of dullness. Shedding and Grooming The dogs have been bred to develop their barking behavior, and barking contests are held in Finland. The Finnish Spitz is typically a very healthy breed, with few general health concerns. They should be trained with a light touch and positive reinforcement methods. A small patch of white, no more than 1.5 cm (0.6 inches) wide, is allowable on the chest, and white tips on the feet are acceptable, but not desired. Proper care of the coat is most important. [7], The adult color is typically a golden-red with variations from pale honey to dark chestnut. A fawn-colored puppy or one with a large amount of white of the chest is not preferable for show purposes. In Finland, these dogs are prized for their barking abilities, which can range from short, sharp barks to many barks per minute that sound like a yodel. Dogs of this breed have moderate training requirements, which primarily include training for hunting, respect training, socialization and basic mannerisms. They're Bark Hunters. This indicates admixture between the Taymyr wolf population and the ancestral dog population of these 4 high-latitude breeds. Life has thought the Finnish Spitz that the greatest threat in the woods is a wolf. In 1892, the Finnish Kennel Club recognized the breed, and the dogs later found their way to America in 1959. Isolated Finno-Ugrian tribes in the far northern regions bred dogs according to their specific needs. Height at withers (American Kennel Club breed standard[10]): This breed is active, alert and lively. [4], The Finnish Spitz developed from selectively bred Spitz-type dogs that inhabited central Russia several thousand years ago. Another exception is the hair under the bottom of the feet. Females are usually a little longer in the back than males. However, breeders should be consulted to understand the prevalence of a specific disorder in this breed. It used to find its food itself, which probably explains why the dog eats very little today as well. These breeds are associated with high latitudes - the Siberian husky and Greenland dog that are also associated with arctic human populations, and to a lesser extent the Shar Pei and the Karelo-Finnish Laika. The Finnish Spitz has a typical double coat, which consists of a soft, dense undercoat and long, harsh guard hairs that can measure 2.5 to 5 cm (one to two inches) long. As compared to other hunting dogs, the Finnish Spitz is a very small dog and does not take on the prey like some other breeds of dogs do. Love Because the breed is built for long hunts, Finkies need plenty of exercise to stay happy and healthy. That is, they hunt by barking; they don't hunt tree bark. PREHISTORY AND EARLY HISTORY OF DOGS IN FINLAND, Fennoscandia archaeologica XXXI (2014)-, Origin of the domestic dog § Arctic breeds, "Genome Sequencing Highlights the Dynamic Early History of Dogs", "Ancient Wolf Genome Reveals an Early Divergence of Domestic Dog Ancestors and Admixture into High-Latitude Breeds", "The Finnish Spitz is bred from a native landrace", "Individual Breed Results for Purebred Dog Health Survey", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Finnish_Spitz&oldid=999062643, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Males: 44.5 to 50.8 cm (17½ to 20 inches), Females: 39.4 to 45.7 cm (15½ to 18 inches), This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 09:01. The breed remained pure, not by design but by isolation until the early 1800s. It is a dog that retains a great connection with its master in the forest. Finnish Kennel Club has revised the breed standard six times, and the latest version was confirmed in 1996. The hair under the feet as well as the toe nails should be nicely trimmed for show. In their native Finland, Finnish Spitz dogs are still used primarily for hunting, while their role in America is more of a companion dog. However, in North America, they are primarily companion dogs. He's also been called the Finnish Barking Bird Dog because of h… Both sexes should appear slightly longer in the leg than the back. Feathered long tail hairs without sustenance can give the dog an unkempt look. The Finnish Spitz is renowned as a hunting dog, and also makes a great companion for family members … The pluma of the tail is important to the overall look of the dog but should not be too long. Ever increasing in popularity, the Finnish Spitz originated as a hunting dog in Finland. We raise all of our pups with “Puppy Culture” protocols. He realized the many virtues of the pure Finnish Spitz breed and decided to select dogs that were untainted examples of the genuine Finnish Spitz in order to try to revive the breed. Its original game hunting purpose was to point to game that fled into trees, such as grouse, and capercaillies, but it also serves well for hunting elk. Finnish Spitzes are independent, strong-willed, intelligent dogs. Some Finnish Spitz are … While the Finnish Spitz is intensively focusing on its job to bark a wolf can easily find and surprise it. Finnish Spitz. The woods and the waters were almost exclusively the only places that provided food. Today the Finnish Spitz is used mostly for hunting grouse birds, although it can be used when hunting elk and small game, such as pine marten and raccoon dogs, as well. Dew claws can appear on front and/or back feet. They need one or two long walks each day and will be fairly inactive indoors. It indicates the location of the bird with its barking and behaviour, and will try to keep the bird in the tree by barking until the hunter gets there. It is a dog with veiled intelligence, and it has a strong instinct to hunt all types of game. They are always ready to play with children but if ignored, they will usually walk away. Some individuals have eve… They are best trained with a soft voice and touch. It is quick on the mark and capable of doing independent and confident decisions. Failing to shed undercoat is considered neglect by some judges who prefer a clean and combed coat. With patience and calm yet firm handling, the Finnish Spitz can be a wonderful companion. If back claws appear, they should be removed. However, any excessive undercoat should be removed. Today the Finnish Spitz is used mostly for hunting grouse birds, although it can be used when hunting elk and small game, such as pine marten … In the show ring, the coat should be shown as completely natural; a brush through the coat is acceptable, but no trimming is allowed, not even of whiskers. When the Finnish Spitz locates the bird, it barks very loudly while pointing in the direction of the bird to alert the hunter to the bird’s location. They are born dark grey, black, brown, or fawn with a vast amount of black. About Us. As the national dog of Finland, this breed has long beenrecognized in Scandinavian countries but was not imported to the United States until 1959 with the first breeding in the 1960's. [13], The breed barks at anything perceived to be out of the ordinary. This breed was bred by the Finno-Ugrian tribes who bred these dogs according to their specific requirements. If … The Finnish spitz has a distinct ringing bark or yodel. The Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland since 1979. It was developed by the Finno-Ugrian hunting tribes approximately 2.000 years ago. The Finnish Spitz is often referred to as the “barking hunting dog” because of its characteristic continuous barking while on track. In Finland, this dog is known as the Suomenpystykorva and it is the country’s national dog breed – he has also been known as the Finnish Barking Bird Dog due to his unique vocal tendencies. It should be shaded and without any defined color changes. This breed will not adapt well to a strictly kenneled living situation; they need a balance of outdoor exercise and indoor play time with the family.[11]. Some exhibitors choose to show dogs with excessive undercoat to make the dog's coat appear more lush. The breed was originally bred to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears. 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