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Life was brought to Adam's physical body when God breathed into his nostrils (Genesis 2:7). In fact, Luke and Acts are almost like a two volume set of one book. Trust in Jesus as the One who died in your place, bearing the penalty for your sins, and you will experience the forgiveness of your sins and the blessed hope of eternity in His presence. They didn’t know how to leave the isolation of that locked room. They had far more revelation about God. While the apostles were accused of being “full of sweet wine” (Acts 2:13, Greek text), Joel speaks of the absence of wine, so much so that normal sacrifices were impossible: 5 Awake, you drunkards, and weep! 5 For John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” 6 So when they had gathered together, they began to ask him, “Lord, is this the time when you are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” 7 He told them, “You are not permitted to know the times or periods that the Father has set by his own authority. This devastation was greater than any Israel had experienced up to this point in time: 2 Listen to this, you elders, and pay attention, all inhabitants of the land. 8 Therefore produce fruit that proves your repentance, 9 and don’t think you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you that God can raise up children for Abraham from these stones! Sermon – Acts 2 – The Day of Pentecost – preached @ FCC 10/12/08. 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence’” (Acts 2:25-28). And Peter rose to appropriately publish God's glorious gospel of mercy. Paul began by showing that the heathen were worthy of God’s wrath because they rejected what they knew about God from creation and chose to worship the creation rather than the Creator. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. Pages 1078 and 1692. For now let us consider some of the lessons for us from this sermon. 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence.’. The same kind of things seems to be taking place in the Book of Joel. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). 7 For the “day of the Lord,” in Joel see 1:15; 2:1, 11, 31; 3:14. 7 But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “You offspring of vipers! The sun and the moon grow dark; the stars refuse to shine (Joel 2:10). 19 And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. 33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. In chapter one, the plague was the worst the Jews had yet seen (Joel 1:2); in chapter two, the plague is the worst plague that will ever be for many generations: It will be a day of dreadful darkness, a day of foreboding storm-clouds, like blackness spread over the mountains. The Day of Pentecost arrived when the small company of believers3 were gathered together in one place. (My inclination, however, is that the book was written early, rather than late.). The Father is surely involved in this but Jesus is the One who, having been glorified and exalted at the Father’s right hand, bestows the Spirit on the church: “When the Advocate comes, whom I will send you from the Father—the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father—he will testify about me” (John 15:26, emphasis mine). the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples as Jesus promised. In view of this, shortly before his ascension into heaven, the Lord proclaimed: “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third day; and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name unto all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem” (Luke 24:46, 47). On the Day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit came and filled the apostles in a spectacular display. Little did he know or see that this same text from Joel 2 would later be cited by Paul: 11 For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek, for the same Lord is Lord of all, who richly blesses all who call on him. It is available on the Internet at: www.netbible.org. On subsequent days, many of these unsaved did respond, and the total number of saved climbed to about 5000. what happened to the disciples on the day of Pentecost, humbled and broken by their betrayal and abandonment of Christ during His arrest, torture and death by crucifixion, they prayed and waited for 10 days (Acts 1:8,14). The remainder of this section is a description of God’s wrath that is poured out in the “day of the Lord” upon those who have mistreated the Jews (Joel 3:1-17), as well as a depiction of the outpouring of divine blessings on Judah and Jerusalem (Joel 3:18-21). The words that I say to you, I do not speak on my own initiative, but the Father residing in me performs his miraculous deeds” (John 14:10). The question he must answer in his sermon then is, “What was spoken about through the prophet Joel?”. 31 The sunlight will be turned to darkness and the moon to the color of blood, before the day of the Lord comes— that great and terrible day! It marked a turning point in the early church. It was this claim which prompted such a strong reaction from those who opposed Jesus: 17 So he told them, “My Father is working until now, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason the Jewish leaders were trying even harder to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was also calling God his own Father, thus making himself equal with God (John 5:17-18). Has anything like this ever happened in your whole life or in the lifetime of your ancestors? The sincere among this crowd wanted to know the meaning of what they heard, while others merely mocked, attributing what they heard to excessive drinking (Acts 2:12). Peter now tells them that these events signaled the coming of the Holy Spirit, as the Father promised, and as Jesus told His apostles. ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Lay Reading: Eph 1:17-23. Pentecost did come, as described in Acts 2:1-11, and the devout Jews who witnessed these events asked what they meant. When Peter quotes Joel 2:28-32, he includes both the good news and the bad news. On the day of Pentecost all the believers were meeting together in one place. The crowds of visitors were astonished because every pilgrim heard the apostles speaking to him or her in their own foreign language. And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. They had the Word of God. I believe that we see both aspects of our Lord’s identity as Lord and as the Christ (in the opposite order) in Philippians 2: 5 You should have the same attitude toward one another that Christ Jesus had, 6 who though he existed in the form of God did not regard equality with God as something to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself by taking on the form of a slave, by looking like other men, and by sharing in human nature. This psalm is one of David’s dual-layer psalms. 10 Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire (Matthew 3:7-10). Or, to put it differently, Satan is behind many of the evils that take place at the hands of heathen kings. John 20:19–23 . Peter therefore declares that God the Father was intimately involved in the ministry of the Lord Jesus. Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore (Joel 1:5, 13). Now consider how all this explains Pentecost. This is a Pentecost sermon because this day that Peter preached was Pentecost. John the Baptist saw the coming wrath of God as near (see Matthew 3:10-12). Joel was a Jewish book, written to Jews, and particularly to Jews living in or near Jerusalem. Even before I attended seminary, I had set a high standard for the preaching of others. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God. Perhaps the double reference is most apparent in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28, where human kings are rebuked, yet they are described in Satan-like terms. Of course, it was and is only a means, but it is a divinely appointed means of grace. The festival of Pentecost is celebrated fifty days after Passover. How often our knowledge of God’s Word is only partial. ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:33-36). Joel therefore calls upon the nation, and particularly its leaders, to repent and to plead for mercy. So what hinders you from doing so? 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the farthest parts of the earth” (Acts 1:4-8). 2 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. what book of the Bible tells about Pentecost? The book of Acts was written by Luke. And so he cites Joel 2:28-32, with only a few slight modifications: 17 “‘And in the last days it will be,’ God says, ‘that I will pour out my Spirit on all people, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams. We are certain that it did at least include the twelve. 14 Announce a holy fast; proclaim a sacred assembly. This is the edited manuscript of Lesson 4 in the Studies in the Book of Acts series prepared by Robert L. Deffinbaugh on October 23, 2005. THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH PETER PREACHED. Peter now forcefully draws his sermon to a close: 33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. Like the wind, fire is also associated with God's presence in the Bible (Exodus 3:2). The warning of judgment and the promise of salvation that Peter proclaimed to the Jews we now have proclaimed to us (Gentiles), because of the rejection of the Jews (Romans 11:11-12, 30-32). 25 I will make up for the years that the ‘arbeh-locust consumed your crops— the yeleq-locust, the hasil-locust, and the gazam-locust— my great army, that I sent against you. His audience was peculiarly stimulating. (Romans 10:13 NLT; see also Acts 2:21). 4:4-7). God raised Him from the dead because corruption could not overtake the Son of God, and because Old Testament prophecies promised that He would rise from the dead. Let us not miss the point at which Peter ends his citation from Joel: “‘And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:21). by Anne H. K. Apple. That will come in Acts chapters 10 and 11. They meant that both judgment and blessing were near. In some ways, the Book of Joel was an ideal text for Peter to cite. Peter preached a text from a Jewish book (Joel) to a Jewish audience, warning them of impending judgment and offering them salvation in the name of Jesus. ; John 1:1-3), so the Father and the Son were both involved in the sending of the Spirit. He dare not refer to himself as God’s “Holy One.” Neither dare he claim that his body will avoid decay in the tomb. Describe how the life of Peter was transformed on the day of Pentecost. Jesus replied, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come from God and am now here. This was to serve as a warning that the “day of the Lord” was near: How awful that day will be! Jesus instructed His disciples not to leave Jerusalem until after they had been endued with power by the Holy Spirit, according to what John the Baptist had indicated in his preaching (Acts 1:4-5). 36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. If God would deal severely with Gentile pagans for their mistreatment of His people (as indicated in Joel 3), how much more severely would He deal with those Jews who had personally observed the life and ministry of Jesus, and then took part in His crucifixion? It was very severe; there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again.6 15 They covered the surface of all the ground, so that the ground became dark, and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. 1. So I brought out fire from within you; it consumed you,and I turned you to ashes on the earth before the eyes of all who saw you. 26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, 27 because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. It was also their custom to attend the morning and evening prayer times at the temple. The fresh wine has dried up; the olive oil languishes. . 28:27-29. 12 I will make human beings more scarce than pure gold, and people more scarce than gold from Ophir. Wail, you who minister at the altar! Taking the gospel message to heart, Acts 2:41 records that about 3,000 people were baptized and added to the fledgling Christian church on that Day of Pentecost. June 4, Day of Pentecost. The disciples pressed Jesus regarding the exact timing of the restoration of the kingdom to Israel but Jesus refused to supply this information, insisting instead that they were to be empowered to be His witnesses, beginning in Jerusalem and spreading from there to all Judea, Samaria, and the remotest part of the earth (Acts 1:6-8). Why would we be surprised to hear that the work of the Son is also the work of the Father, when Jesus made such a point of emphasizing that He did what the Father did, and what the Father gave Him to do? 30 So then, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne, 31 David by foreseeing this spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did his body experience decay. It came on the 50th day (the Greek pentekostas) after the presentation of the harvest’s first fruits. Play! 28 After all of this I will pour out my Spirit on all kinds of people. About 40 days after the resurrection of Jesus, the 12 apostles and other early followers were gathered together in a house in Jerusalem to celebrate the traditional Jewish Pentecost. But not everyone in Jerusalem responded so well to the preaching on that day. 18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. What, then, did it mean for Jesus to be Lord? Thus the New Living Translation renders Exodus 10:14: “And the locusts swarmed over the whole land of Egypt, settling in dense swarms from one end of the country to the other. In the New Testament book of Acts, we read about an unusual event on the Day of Pentecost. But did they obey it? No matter what the text, the old theme arose week after week. That daily filling of the Spirit seems to be something different from what happened on the day of Pentecost. Joel’s description of some of the phenomena of the “day of the Lord” also sounds strikingly similar to some of the supernatural events at the time of our Lord’s death at Calvary (see Matthew 27:50-54; Luke 23:44-48). Let us listen well to these words, bearing in mind that thousands came to faith through this sermon. A belief in the real presence of the Holy Spirit as described in this account of the Day of Pentecost is integral to the Christian faith. meaning of "Pentecost" fiftieth (50th day after Passover) what happened on Pentecost? Jesus had described the Spirit as wind before Not many days after the resurrection and ascension, the Holy Spirit was sent just as Jesus promised. Since Peter chooses to cite from the middle of the Book of Joel, it would be wise to briefly look at the message of the entire book, in order to gain insight into the portion of Joel that Peter has chosen to quote. According to Christian tradition, the Day of Pentecost commemorates the day when the Holy Spirit was poured out on the disciples in Jerusalem after the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. On the one hand, Joel continues the imagery of the literal locust plague of chapter one, but the plague in chapter two is worse than the plague Israel experienced in chapter one. By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Points of Interest From the Day of Pentecost Account, A Christian Perspective on the Feast of Pentecost, What It Means to Be Baptized in the Holy Spirit, Pentecost Sunday and the Coming of the Holy Spirit. The one who preaches represents the King and speaks for the King, and this conception of preaching must control all that is done in preaching. On the day you were created they were prepared. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. Like it or not, divine judgment is a prominent theme in the Bible, and one we dare not ignore. The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev. 34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’, 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ.”. Wail, all you wine drinkers, over the sweet wine because it has been taken away from you. God the Father said to Him, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet” (Acts 2:34b-35). And since the “day of the Lord” is near, don’t delay. Jesus was the Christ, but He was also God. Joel ends this section by assuring his Jewish readers that their repentance will bring defeat for Israel’s foes and showers of blessing for the people of God: 23 Citizens of Zion, rejoice! The Day of Pentecost is celebrated 50 days after Easter in Western branches of Christianity. In Eastern branches of Christianity, the Day of Pentecost is one of the Great Feasts. Joel’s prophecy might not have come to mind at such a time of celebration. Bob was born and raised in a Christian home i... More, 4. 33.Who preached on the day of Pentecost? 3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. We know that at some point they are in the temple court where Peter preached his sermon. 26 You will have plenty to eat, and your hunger will be fully satisfied; you will praise the name of the Lord your God, who has acted wondrously in your behalf. Peter said on that day. Seizing the moment, the Apostle Peter stood and addressed the crowd gathered that day. I like to start my day with a morning devotional, and usually I ask God in my prayer time for the filling of the Holy Spirit. First, let us take note of the serious consequences of rejecting Jesus as Lord and Christ. For if I do not go away, the Advocate will not come to you, but if I go, I will send him to you” (John 16:7; emphasis mine).10. Where were the disciples? David himself prophesied concerning the resurrection of the Messiah: 25 For David says about him, ‘I saw the Lord always in front of me, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken. Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit. “For I have not spoken from my own authority, but the Father himself who sent me has commanded me what I should say and what I should speak” (John 12:49). Joel 1 describes a literal locust plague. Do not take this matter lightly. 11 I will punish the world for its evil, and wicked people for their sin. 2. 8 In Joel, as elsewhere in Scripture, the “day of the Lord” is always represented as “near.” If one were to gauge the nearness of God’s coming wrath in terms of the magnitude of our sin (rather than in terms of time), I suspect that we could always say that the day of His wrath is near. The Apostles must have been in Jerusalem for about 10 days because the Day of Pentecost (the New Testament name for the Feast of Weeks) was 50 days after the Passover Sabbath (Leviticus 23:15-21). On the other hand, the Book of Joel might have appeared to some as shockingly inappropriate for this occasion. 60 He will infect you with all the diseases of Egypt that you dreaded, and they will persistently afflict you. They weren’t just filled, they were drenched! He preached upon the day of Pentecost. The NEW ENGLISH TRANSLATION, also known as THE NET BIBLE, is a completely new translation of the Bible, not a revision or an update of a previous English version. 8 “Indeed, my plans are not like your plans, and my deeds are not like your deeds, 9 for just as the sky is higher than the earth, so my deeds are superior to your deeds and my plans superior to your plans” (Isaiah 55:8-9). The God who offers men forgiveness for their sins and an eternity of bliss in His presence is also the God who takes the rejection of His blessed Son seriously. Peter. Then, in Romans 2 Paul addressed the Jews. Chapter 2 (Joel 2:1-27) continues the theme of the locust plague, but in my opinion there is a double reference here. When it was evening on that day, the disciples locked themselves away. Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost. 12 All were astounded and greatly confused, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others jeered at the speakers, saying, “They are drunk on new wine!”. As Joel indicates (Joel 2:2), this plague will be accompanied by cosmic events that are associated with the “day of the Lord”: The earth quakes before them; the sky reverberates. 32 It will so happen that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be delivered. This is exactly the point Peter is making in verses 29-32: 29 “Brothers, I can speak confidently to you about our forefather David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. There was no harvest of barley or of wheat: 9 No one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of the Lord anymore. (vii) He preached the word of God. This term also conveys the idea of control and authority. This is clearly the teaching of our Lord and the apostles: 37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, Jesus stood up and shouted out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 38 let the one who believes in me drink. (Acts 2:37, NIV). 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’1. The key to judgment or blessing was Jesus, the Nazarene, whom they had rejected and crucified. Pentecost was a festive and joyful celebration of the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. Not only did God raise Jesus from the dead, He seated Him at His right hand to wait until He made Messiah’s enemies a “footstool for His feet.” It doesn’t take a great deal of thought to figure out who would be included among those enemies who were destined to become footstools. Me ” ( Acts 2:38f ) see Matthew 3:10-12 ) Main Street, Richardson, TX.. 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