Teacher Study Hints for Thinking Further. This is a proof to me that this epistle was not sent to Corinth, where it is not likely John ever was; and where it is not likely he had any particular acquaintances, unless we could suppose he had seen some of them when he was an exile in Patmos, an island in the Aegean Sea. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading 1-3 John (Baker Exegetical Commentary on … - Syriac Philoxenian. New Revised Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 3 John 1:1-15. See Mark 5:13, Mark 7:29; : The devil is gone out of thy daughter, εξεληλυθε, is Expelled. The Third catholic Epistle of John the evangelist and divine. He also knew that Jesus would increase in honour and influence, for of his government and peace there would be no … Grace will employ health. There is not a word here about the pilgrims and penitential journeys which the papists contrive to bring out of this text. We seldom hear this epistle quoted but in the reproof of lordly tyrants, or prating troublesome fellows in the Church. Both were itinerant evangelists. He commends him for his steadiness in the truth, and his general hospitality, especially to the itinerant evangelists, 3 John 1:3-8. And those congregations of Christians are ever found to prize the Gospel most, and profit most by it, who bear all expenses incident to it, and vice versa. Audience. Exhorts Caius to avoid his example, and to follow what is good, 3 John 1:11. There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. Commentary on 3 John 1:1-8. I wrote unto the Church - The Church where Caius was; but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the pre-eminence, φιλοπρωτευων, who loves the presidency, or chief place in the Church. 3 and 2 John present the closest approximation in the New Testament to the conventional letter form of the contemporary Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. I had many things to write - That is, I have many things that I might write; but having the hope of seeing thee shortly, I will not commit them to paper. The third of John. (II John 1:5, 13) 3. For whatever profession any man may make, it will ever appear that he who doeth good is of God - he alone is the person who uses rightly the grace received from God, and he alone shall enjoy the Divine approbation; While he that doeth evil - He who is unfeeling, unmerciful, unkind, hath not seen God - has no proper knowledge of that God whose Name is mercy, and whose Nature is love. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. Ink and pen are here mentioned; paper and ink in the preceding epistle. 3 John 1:9-10. by Karen H. Jobes. Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission See another Chart from Swindoll Click to enlarge. Book List. But it has been the lot both of the minor prophets and the minor epistles to be generally neglected; for with many readers bulk is every thing; and, no magnitude no goodness. That thou mayest Prosper and be in Health, as thy Soul Prospereth. Which have borne witness of thy charity - Of thy love and benevolence. There is a man named Gaius, to whom this letter is written; another man named Diotrephes, and a third individual named Demetrius. It is the third in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. Chapter 1. - A. C. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Which have borne witness of thy charity -. Our friends salute thee - Desire to be affectionately remembered to thee. To hear that my children - From this it has been inferred that Caius was one of St. John's converts, and consequently not the Corinthian Caius, who was converted, most probably, by St. Paul. Third John shows us something of the problem of personalities within the church, and three people are mentioned here. 3 John 1:2, ESV: "Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul." εξερχομαι . John 3 Resources. In this epistle the apostle congratulates Gaius upon the prosperity of his soul ( v. 1, v. 2 ), upon the fame he had among good Christians ( v. 3, v. 4 ), and upon his charity and hospitality to the servants of Christ ( v. 5, v. 6 ). a. The reading above referred to is that of the most ancient and reputable MSS. 2 n By this we know that we love the children of God , when we love God and obey his commandments . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou … Audio Edition 3 John 1:1-15 NIV Commentary. 3 John 1:2-4. As some MSS. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Go To 3 John Index Title: The epistle’s title is “3 John”. The addressee’s name, Gaius, was a very common one in the Roman Empire and it is highly unlikely that the person addressed here is the same Gaius associated with Paul (Rom 16:23; 1 Cor. Beloved, I wish — Or, I pray, as ευχομαι is translated by Beza, Estius, Erasmus, Schmidius, Doddridge, and others. The Third Epistle of John the apostle is ended. But some construe εξηλθον, they went out, with απο των εθνων, from the Gentiles, or rather by the Gentiles, and give the passage this sense: They went out, i.e., were driven out by the Gentiles, taking nothing with them, i.e., leaving all their property behind, so that they were in a state of great destitution. I have already shown in the preface to those epistles termed catholic, that the word καθολικος is not to be taken here, and elsewhere in these epistles, as signifying universal, but canonical; for it would be absurd to call an epistle universal that was written to a private individual. Peace be to thee - Mayest thou possess every requisite good, both of a spiritual and temporal kind. Before the Church - The believers at Ephesus; for to this Church the apostle seems to refer. 3 John 1-8 Bible Study with Discussion Questions, Teaching Points, and Cross References. "Gaius" There has been much discussion as to whether Gaius or Diotrephes is the pastor of this local church. Book Overview - 3 John by Arend Remmers. Jude. There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. and Vatican. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. - Arabic. Our Library /. Kypke thinks that πιστον is put here for πιστιν, and that the phrase signifies to keep or preserve the faith, or to be bound by the faith, or to keep one's engagements. Bible Commentaries /. This appears to be the meaning of neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the Church. Again, as in 2 John, the author refers to himself as the elder. 2 John. John 3:5, ESV: "Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." The elder - See on the first verse of the preceding epistle ( 2 John 1:1; (note), and also the preface. Audio Edition with New International Version. a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in … Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) /. Colin G. Kruse, Pillar New Testament Commentary (PNTC), Eerdmans, 2000, 277 pp. Grace and health are rich companions. 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). The prayer of St. John for Caius includes three particulars: When the brethren came - Probably the same of whom he speaks in the fifth ( 3 John 1:5;) and following verses, and who appear to have been itinerant evangelists. John 3:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 3:5, NIV: "Jesus answered, 'Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit." - Codd. For other particulars concerning John, the reader is requested to refer to the preface to his gospel. StudyLıght .org . The former (friends) is a very singular appellation, and nowhere else found in Scripture; the latter is of frequent occurrence. The apostle's address to Caius, and his good wishes for his prosperity in body and soul, 3 John 1:1, 3 John 1:2. (Read 3 John 1:1-8) Those who are beloved of Christ, will love the brethren for his sake. Prating against us - Diotrephes might have been a converted Jew, who was unwilling that the Gentiles should be received into the Church; or a Judaizing Christian, who wished to incorporate the law with the Gospel, and calumniated the apostles who taught otherwise. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. If he went by land, he must traverse a great part of Asia, go through Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and down through Greece, to the Morea, a most tedious and difficult journey. 3 For o this is the love of God , that we p keep his commandments . The well-beloved Gaius - Γαιος Gaius, is the Greek mode of writing the Roman name Caius; and thus it should be rendered in European languages. He seems to have been an excellent person: all testified of his righteousness; the truth - Christianity, itself bore testimony to him; and the apostles themselves added theirs also. Commends Demetrius, 3 John 1:12. Instead of απολαμβανειν, to receive, the most ancient and reputable MSS. Let all Churches, all congregations of Christians, from whom their ministers and preachers can claim nothing by law, and for whom the state makes no provision, lay this to heart; let them ask themselves, Do we deal with these in a manner worthy of God, and worthy of the profession we make? Prosperity in secular affairs. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. He had the complete dog in the manger principle: he would neither do, nor let do; and when good was done that he did not approve, he endeavored to undo it. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. It could meanthat the person was old. These three things, so necessary to the comfort of life, every Christian may in a certain measure expect, and for them every Christian is authorized to pray; and we should have more of all three if we devoutly prayed for them. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. That to be driven out or expelled is one scriptural meaning of the verb εξερχομαι, see Matthew 8:32; : And when they were come out, οἱ δε εξελθοντεσς, and when they were Driven Out. 1, 2, and 3 John. This and the preceding epistle both read over in reference to a new edition, Jan. 3rd, 1832. have ὑπολαμβανειν, to take up, undertake for, or kindly receive. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. Get … Diotrephes. ἔγραψά τι τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ] The τι, which according to the authorities is probably genuine, does not serve, as Lücke rightly remarks, to intensify = “something important,” but rather to weaken = “something, a little.”. The third of John to Caius concerning Demetrius, of whom he witnesses the most excellent things. 3 John. Mark 9:29; : This kind can come forth by nothing εν ουδενι δυναται εξελθειν, can be Driven Out by nothing, but by prayer and fasting. 2 John and 3 John are almost exactly the same length, and the phraseology is extremely similar. A curious reading here, εθνικων, heathenish men, for εθνων, Gentiles, which latter might imply those who were converted from among the Gentiles, while the sense of the other term seems to be restrained to those who were still unconverted, may seem to strengthen the above interpretation; and although the construction seems rather harsh, yet it is not, on the whole, unlikely. Meyer's NT Commentary. Thou hast acted as the faith - the Christian religion, required thee to act, in all that thou hast done, both to the brethren at home, and to the strangers - the itinerant evangelists, who, in the course of their travels, have called at thy house. Summary of The Book of 3 John. 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