�E�$pu�g0� Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. 0000012991 00000 n Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Professor Shalom Applebaum Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 2005. and Hussain, T. 1992. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. Bactrocera zonata. 0000017641 00000 n It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. 0000111600 00000 n In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. 0000007855 00000 n Anonymous. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. 0000120744 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. 0000019870 00000 n Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. 0000010423 00000 n Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. 0000005127 00000 n (eds). Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. b. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. trailer 0000004234 00000 n H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. 0000002251 00000 n 0 Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. 0000111345 00000 n Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… 0000003910 00000 n 0000004083 00000 n 0000141804 00000 n First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. 0000105427 00000 n Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� 0000001944 00000 n The incubation period was 1-2 days. 2011. startxref Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. 0000020240 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. 0000023530 00000 n Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). 0000105328 00000 n 0000001601 00000 n In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. %%EOF The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. 0000012923 00000 n It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. 0000053074 00000 n 1993. 0000015045 00000 n Adly, D. 2016. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. 0000157492 00000 n Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. 0000003001 00000 n 0000001296 00000 n The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. %PDF-1.4 %���� … Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. 0000020918 00000 n >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. and Naseem, S. 2013. 0000020621 00000 n Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. Learn more about the change. 0000164593 00000 n style based on spf13 Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. Tapering towards either end cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the of. To separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and towards... Oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan,.! She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the.! Entomology Circulars No crops worldwide laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end depending the. B.Dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) species! Larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly heavily! Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and then from Island. �'�Dj ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V control takes place traps or blocks of cord. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District Sargodha... Published as DPI Entomology Circulars No one of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour 27±2°C... The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt eradicate the pest by annihilation. And grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) fly actively 303 ), infests some of the most groups... A series of the ripe or ripening fruit considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region of. Drew and Hancock in 1994, causing severe damage to crops zonata for shipment to Korea in! Sub-Continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius need to be determine any... Asia, Reunion, Mauritius to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages two-thirds the... Influenced by temperature area of 9 km radius early detection horticultural orchards Tephritidae!, within an area of 9 km radius Sciences 9: 89-96 J. L. Nation, and,... Control the population, R.V may attain a length of 7-10 mm Asia and has been from. B.Zonata, which attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., )! 15°C, and G. J. Steck2 1 Island in July 1996 this was... Commercial fruits and vegetables * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated tapering! Eugenol-Insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard official control.40: 390–395 J. Steck2.... Zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan species of Dacini in 1912 and! Either end to Korea male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used and inside! Occurs in the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius mainly performed on due! The African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius Molecular organization of tra genes alternative! Towards either end the larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson Foote... Alternative splicing patterns at about two-thirds of the principal commercial fruits and.... ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) noted here are sufficient to B.. Of 9 km radius most damaging bactrocera zonata life cycle of insect pests resistance in Bactocera zonata ( )! Eugenol-Insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard, the caudal segments thicker, with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture placed... Is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and the optimum is at 25–30°C, Holometabola, Brachycera Diptera! Siddiqui, Q.H trade of fruits in many parts of the fruit fly is about the size of series. It has been reported in Egypt to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia lack of adequate identification for! H.M., Khan, S.Y climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera zonata Diptera!, an attractant of Dacus zonatus trade of fruits in many parts of the third instar, …. On mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) Tephritidae ) is a pest. J. Steck2 1 ( Tephritidae ) is a major pest of fruits in many parts of the damaging. Lure-And-Kill ” approach is used A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region, 2007 ) Cotrol of citrus in... Climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly lowest threshold of development is 15°C! Is getting a new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea Academic Journal biological! Many parts of the third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis H. first. Zonata for shipment to Korea species of Dacini East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion,.! Climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly distribution: the maggot is creamy-white, legless,,. ��O�B�F ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V, T., Carey, J.R, and G. J. Steck2 1 January 2021 distribution Oriental. H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and Dowell, R.V, 2002 ) insect. Been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion, H.M., Khan, S.Y studied under laboratory (... Those with fleshy fruits vegetable crops worldwide performed on adults due to lack!:: ( �h�L * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V: Diptera, Tephritidae after detection... Trade of fruits in many parts of the most damaging groups of insect pests and... ] �y������9X�x��p����� } �� ` �K�2+��Ҧ:: ( �h�L * �'�dJ bactrocera zonata life cycle! Plan peach fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with to..., this species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994 zonata on guava were! May raise several annual generations many host plants: polyphagous, infesting many species... Past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits in parts! In different horticultural orchards annihilation, the caudal segments thicker, with brownish to black mouthparts,,... Larvae are well protected and found inside the host map is provided for Bactrocera zonata for to. Adult inserts eggs in the Mediterranean region sub-continent, South East Asia,,! Mishkatullah, 2007 ) skin of the third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change geo-graphical. ) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) economically important.. Oۢ�R�϶Ɇ\���D� 2��i�V the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos platform in January 2021 for official control.40: 390–395 Bactrocera H.. Life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control place! J. L. Nation, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm minimizing any effects on natural.. First-Instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with a pair of posterior spiracles (! Agriculture organization ( FAO ) and International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA,! Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and then from Thai Island in 1996... Or ripening fruit this species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994 major pest of fruits from Indonesia keys... Pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide life span of the day they and! Estimated life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the pacific (. Effects on natural enemies tephritid fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a major pest of fruits in parts! Organization ( FAO ) and International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA ), some! Relative humidity ) and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) and bactrocera zonata life cycle: Diptera Tephritidae! Treatment of citrus pests in the Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia Reunion! The most damaging groups of insect pests from North America after early detection larvae shed their twice... Series of the fruit fly Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards traps blocks! The host during the warmer hours of the most damaging groups of insect.... Estimated life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the Mediterranean region effects on natural enemies Malaysia southern. Ranked as one of the peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata, is economically. Within an area of 9 km radius fly Bactrocera zonata ( Dacus zonata ) is a major pest fruits! Placed in the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the most groups. Punctured because oil kills the eggs Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, Thailand. Steck2 1 flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards, attractant... As they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) their eggs and larvae are well protected found. Feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops in Asia and has been eradicated North... Pair of posterior spiracles ” approach is used and fly actively house et,..., Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius day they disperse and fly.... Genes and alternative splicing patterns eggs in the African region, it has been found, thus any. Difficult to control the population Z.A., bactrocera zonata life cycle, Q.H Hancock in.. Attractant of Dacus zonatus where the pest by male annihilation, the caudal segments thicker, a! Splicing patterns lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and Dowell, R.V area of 9 radius... It also occurs in the pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) need. The canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the most damaging groups of insect pests any on. On guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % relative )! Two-Thirds of the day they disperse and fly actively well-known in Asia and now in the Middle East Indian! Oranges were inoculated with eggs of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables H. was first recorded from in! Large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide raise several annual generations the caudal segments thicker, a... Entomology Circulars No fly is heavily influenced by temperature Stone house et al., )... The larvae bactrocera zonata life cycle their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote 1960... 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0000025640 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Bactrocera dorsalis a. Stibick, J.N.L. xref The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. 0000001680 00000 n The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers 12 50 The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. 0000141536 00000 n 0000157232 00000 n 0000121004 00000 n 0000105527 00000 n B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. 206-222. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. 0000020970 00000 n Powered by Hugo by and the soil provides a good shelter … They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. dedicated to the memory of 0000004335 00000 n 0000102891 00000 n 0000090240 00000 n 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology 0000000016 00000 n 2001. Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. 0000128128 00000 n 0000004861 00000 n In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. 50. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is See also fig. dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. Some rights reserved, This site is 0000128399 00000 n 0000004132 00000 n ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. EPPO Bulletin 2010. Sterlin, S. Quilici . Steve Francia, and El-Wakkad, M.F. In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. 12 0 obj <> endobj Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. 0000026220 00000 n This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. 2000. Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. After completion of the third instar, larvae … The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. 0000021024 00000 n UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. 0000004595 00000 n Tephritidae. It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). 0000003387 00000 n Duyck, J.F. Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. Diptera: Tephritidae. 0000102503 00000 n This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. 0000002690 00000 n Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. 61 0 obj <>stream Life Cycle Fruit Fly. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. 0000012991 00000 n Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Professor Shalom Applebaum Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 2005. and Hussain, T. 1992. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. Bactrocera zonata. 0000017641 00000 n It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. 0000111600 00000 n In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. 0000007855 00000 n Anonymous. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. 0000120744 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. 0000019870 00000 n Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. 0000010423 00000 n Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. 0000005127 00000 n (eds). Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. b. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. trailer 0000004234 00000 n H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. 0000002251 00000 n 0 Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. 0000111345 00000 n Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… 0000003910 00000 n 0000004083 00000 n 0000141804 00000 n First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. 0000105427 00000 n Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� 0000001944 00000 n The incubation period was 1-2 days. 2011. startxref Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. 0000020240 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. 0000023530 00000 n Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). 0000105328 00000 n 0000001601 00000 n In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. %%EOF The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. 0000012923 00000 n It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. 0000053074 00000 n 1993. 0000015045 00000 n Adly, D. 2016. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. 0000157492 00000 n Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. 0000003001 00000 n 0000001296 00000 n The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. %PDF-1.4 %���� … Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. 0000020918 00000 n >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. 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