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The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”12. In the tribulation period the Spirit will be involved in salvation and filling.25 In the coming kingdom of Jesus Christ, the Spirit will be in God's people and the Spirit will be upon the King.26, 1 John 14:26; Romans 8:14; John 14:26; Romans 8:26, 2 Ephesians 4:30; 1 Corinthians 2:10–14; 1 Corinthians 12:11, 5 Acts 5:1–4; Isaiah 6:8–9 with Acts 28:25; Jeremiah 31:31–34; with Hebrews 10:15, 6 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; Ephesians 2:22, 7 1 Corinthians 2:10–11; Psalm 139:7; Zechariah 4:6; Hebrews 9:14, 8 Genesis 1:2; John 3:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 11 Genesis 6:3; Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 40:12, 16 Romans 12: 1, 2; Ephesians 5:18; Colossians 3:16, 21 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30, 23 Romans 12; 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4, Dr. John Perkins with wise words to the church on race, Moody Bible Institute820 N. LaSalle Blvd. He states that the first visit of the dove is significant of the visit of the Holy Spirit during the patriarchal and prophetic ages, vainly seeking a godly seed (Mal 2:15). On the human level, possession of life is taken as proof of possession of personality, one without the other being impossible. Shedd states that though the Socinians deny the personality of the Spirit they affirm the eternity of the Spirit as proceeding from the eternal God: “Socinians deny the distinct personality of the Holy Spirit; they concede eternity, because they regard the Spirit as the influence or effluence of the eternal God.”1 Centuries before, Arius had much the same idea, affirming that the Spirit did not have personality, as Watson indicates, “His personality was wholly denied by the Arians, and he was considered as the exerted energy of God.”2 Arius, however, denied the eternity of the Spirit, making him a creature. The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. Another clear instance of identification of the Holy Spirit and God is found in Acts 5:1-4, where the sin of Ananias against the Holy Spirit is said to be a sin against God. The use of name in the singular is worthy of note. The Holy Spirit Is a Person. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. In the New Testament, the references to the Holy Spirit are even more numerous. The remaining lines of evidence are even more important. Sign up for The Moody Connection, a monthly e-newsletter from Moody Bible Institute: Moody exists to equip people with the truth of God's Word to be maturing followers of Christ who are making disciples around the world. You. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). The inference from John 15:26 is certainly that of an eternal relation. The person of the Holy Spirit is not only forgotten by those whom we describe as liberals or modernists in their theology (that is always true of them), but we ourselves are often guilty of … Cummings notes that the Pentateuch has fourteen references, none in Leviticus, that Isaiah and Ezekiel have fifteen each, and that the references are scattered throughout twenty-two of the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament.14 The concise summary of Cummings on the significance of these references may well be quoted: “It is impossible to say that the passages increase in number, or in clearness, with any special characteristic of the books of Scripture. The Holy Spirit is God. in time. we have understanding. If it can be proved that the Holy Spirit proceeded eternally from the Father and the Son, it is evident that the Holy Spirit is of the Essence of God and is God. (4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). It is the only case in the New Testament where it is so used. While this is not explicitly related to the Spirit, it is indicated in the context that the wind “filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2), and that “they were filled with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:4). Whenever his difficulties come between his heart and the Lord, he is evidently not enjoying the Lord’s presence, but suffering in the presence of his difficulties.-Selected. The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God. The ministry of the Third Person is accomplished in His own power and gives testimony to His eternal deity and glory, but it is accomplished on behalf of the Father and the Son. (6) Spirit of Life affirms the eternal life of the Spirit (Rom 8:2). The two doctrines are mutually sustaining. I, p. 630. The matter of interpretation enters into the problem. (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). In the tabernacle, the pure olive oil which kept the lamp burning continually in the holy place speaks eloquently of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in revelation and illumination, without which the showbread (Christ) would be unseen in the darkness, and the way into the holiest of all would not be made plain (Exod 27:20-21). The possession of the Holy Spirit by the believer was not permanent in every case.10 The Spirit had a ministry of restraining sin and in the creation of the world.11, The Holy Spirit today plays a major role in the application of salvation to the individual. Since one of the major aspects of God’s nature is that he is a person, it follows that the Holy Spirit is a person. A mere influence or emanation does not possess the attributes of life, even if it should proceed from God. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. The apostle Paul noted the intellectual ability of the Holy Spirit when he asked, “What man knoweth the things of man save the spirit of man which is in him? The proof of the deity of the Holy Spirit is extensive to the point where it is impossible to display all the possible ramifications of the argument. 1 KINGDOM for ALL 164,468 views. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Person and Work of Christ; 5. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. Without denial of the one Essence of the Godhead, the personality of the Holy Spirit must be affirmed and is subject to proof unassailable by any who accept the Scriptures as authoritative. stoon77. (6) Holiness is frequently assigned the one who is distinctively known as the Holy Spirit (Luke 11:13). ), and in the books of Moses. This potential confusion of understanding is quite easily avoided by realizing that the Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is not a person but the power by which the Father gave human life to Jesus in the womb of Mary. The identification is not of Person but of Essence. Of importance here is the relation of this doctrine to the deity of the Holy Spirit. As such, He is to be revered as God and serves in perfect unity with Father and Son to lead us in our spiritual lives. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. From the nature of the dove, however, it may be inferred that it speaks of beauty, gentleness, peace, and a heavenly nature. … It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). The many titles of the Holy Spirit with their manifold meanings speak eloquently of the beauties of His Person and the wonders of His attributes. While the statements vary, the fact of the procession is clearly stated in all as being eternal and distinguished from generation. (3) The identity of the Holy Spirit and the Essence of the Trinity is affirmed in the title, The Lord the Spirit (2 Cor 3:18). In both the Old and New Testaments, the Holy Spirit is frequently found in this type. Here are Scriptures to learn more about the person of the Holy Spirit.But when they arrest you and deliver you up, do not worry beforehand, or premeditate what you will speak. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. Introduction – You and I are each one person – body, soul and spirit. The plan of consideration directs attention to the Person of the Holy Spirit to the exclusion of His work. Though Christ may be said to have proceeded from the Father, it cannot be said of the Spirit that He is generated. From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. A number of Scripture references indicate that the Holy Spirit constitutes a seal of the believer’s redemption (2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13; 4:30). Embraced in this opening article are the following major divisions of the Person of the Holy Spirit: (1) The Personality of the Holy Spirit; (2) The Deity of the Holy Spirit; (3) the Procession of the Holy Spirit; (4) The Titles of the Holy Spirit; (5) The Types of the Holy Spirit. Frequently in Scripture the Holy Spirit is associated with the Father and the Son on equal terms, predicating His deity. The context indicates spiritual or eternal life is in view, which, originally, was the possession of God alone, now bestowed on some of His creatures through regeneration. It was used to induct kings into office (1 Sam 10:1; 16:13; 1 Kgs 1:39; etc.). 2.2. Watson7 notes that inspiration of Scripture may be traced to God (Heb 1:1), to the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:21), and to the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet 1:11). From the various lines of evidence, it is clear that the only tenable position for those who accept the Scriptures is to accept the full-orbed personality of the Holy Spirit. It must be admitted that the study of His Person is never complete without the complement of the revelation of His Person in His works. 229-241. As His Person is pure spirit, to which no material is essential, He is revealed in the Scriptures as the Spirit. John 3:8 uses the word for spirit to represent wind instead of the more common word (πνεῦμα for ἀνεμος). The Person and Gifts of the Holy Spirit is a thirty-one part course of study taught by Pastor Chuck Smith. Abundant revelation is given in the titles of the Holy Spirit to disclose His attributes. This doctrine will be considered more at length in the section dealing with it. Theologians have borrowed the Scriptural distinctions as to the eternal relation of the Second and Third Persons to the First Person. If you continue without changing your settings, you agree to our use of cookies. We live in a physical, three-dimensional world in which we can see, smell, touch and hear. Both titles refer to the same entity. It is His office as the Giver of prophetic inspiration which is most constantly spoken of in the books of Samuel and the Chronicles. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. One potential argument that the Holy Spirit is a person is to look at the Greek words in John 14:26, 15:26, and 16:13-14. 3. The person of the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Triune God. It has few opponents even in the chaotic period of theology; and in modern times has been denied by none but Socinians, Arians, and Sabellians.”4. Personality, which is an attribute of His Person, is demonstrated by the actions of the Person. It may be concluded that the reference to fire in connection with the day of Pentecost had in view the sanctification and preparation for fellowship and service necessary for the ministry that lay ahead. Three titles affirm the holiness of the Spirit: (7) Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:4), a possible reference to the holy human spirit of Christ; (8) Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost (Ps 51:11; Matt 1:20; Luke 11:13), the most formal title of the Spirit and most frequently used; (9) Holy One (1 John 2:20). As an illustration, three of His works may be brought forward as being distinctively in the realm of divine operation. Water in the form of dew may be taken to indicate the refreshing work of the Spirit in the midst of spiritual darkness (Gen 27:28; Hos 14:5). (1) It may be noted that the Holy Spirit possesses the essential of mind or intelligence. 44:45. A study of the references to the Holy Spirit by various titles in Scripture will reveal some significant facts. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. In the discussion of the titles revealing His attributes, it may be noticed that the Spirit of Glory (1 Pet 4:14) engages in a work to bring the saints to glory. 22 terms. While there is some distinction in meaning in the various titles, the chief significance is to bring out the relationship of the Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity, all affirming His deity and procession. In Exodus it is as the Spirit of wisdom that He is specially-and exclusively-regarded. The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of three distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It proceeds rather from the very nature of the Godhead, being necessary to its existence. No human mind can improve on these distinctions, even if it be admitted that the terms are inadequate to comprehend all the truth which they represent. The Person of the Holy Spirit; 2. Who. Yet He is also distinct from them. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. The experience of the Christian life and faith enters into these realities and affirms that it is most natural for Christians to regard the Holy Spirit as they would regard a person. 12 The Constitution of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., p. 20. Christ seems to be using wind as a type of the Spirit, even though the word spirit is used. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). In Level 1, Dr. Kevin Zadai shares how the Holy Spirit is the most important person in your life. While the Father sends the Son and the Spirit, the Son never sends the Father, but does send the Spirit. Chicago, IL 60610 (800) DL-MOODY. From the assumption that the Holy Spirit is God, it may be deducted that every attribute of the Trinity is an attribute of the Holy Spirit. The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. Log in Sign up. Of what is the Spirit the Earnest? That would make the Holy Spirit the “father” of Jesus, if the Holy Spirit were a person. We believe that the Holy Spirit is co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. This was a work never repeated. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More, 4. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. Hence, the Holy Spirit is accorded the same honor, position, and ministry as the other members of the Trinity. It is customary when speaking of persons to use the personal pronouns, I, thou, he, they. 8:11, “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you.” The following verses give us a beautiful picture of the Trinity in the Bible: Matthew 3:16-17. His presence is of great significance, entirely apart from His ministries. ), in Ezekiel (590 B.C. Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. Dr. It is the Spirit who brings conviction to the unbeliever and causes him to see the truth of the gospel in a clear light.12 Those who respond to this conviction and place their faith in Jesus Christ receive eternal life and a new nature.13 The Holy Spirit unites the believer with Christ and places him in the body of Christ, the church.14 He also unites the believer with Christ in His death, enabling him to live victoriously over sin.15 The Holy Spirit controls the believer who yields to God and submits himself to God's Word.16 When these conditions are met, the believer lives in the power of the Spirit and produces the fruit of the Spirit.17, The Holy Spirit indwells the believer permanently.18 While the child of God may sin and grieve the Spirit, the Spirit will never leave the true believer.19 Absence of the Holy Spirit is the mark of the unsaved.20 The Holy Spirit seals the believer.21 This ministry guarantees the security of the believer "until the day of redemption.

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